Explanation of the different types of holidays

It can be confusing to underst& when a holiday really is a holiday. This page explains all the different types of holidays that we feature on

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Public Holiday

There is no unikhung definition of a public holiday around the world. On this site we use it lớn indicate a day when public & private sector workers have sầu a holiday on a day which would otherwise be a working day.

A public holiday can be mix in different ways. It can be fixed, where the holiday occurs on the same date every year irrespective of the weekday it falls on. In some countries, if the holiday falls on a weekkết thúc, or clashes with another holiday, then the day after may be taken as a holiday in lieu of the holiday. It can be moveable, where the date varies from year khổng lồ year depending on other factors such as the cycle of the moon.

A holiday may be "Mondayised", where it always falls on a Monday, such as bank Holidays in the United Kingdom. In Colombia, almost all religious holidays are celebrated on the following Monday.

National Day

Most countries have a designated national day. This holiday usually celebrates something notable in the creation of that country, such as its independence or signing of the constitution. Some countries may have sầu more than one national day, such as India, which has three - Republic day. Independence day và Gandhi Jayanti.

Denmark and the United Kingdom are two countries who don"t have a National Day.

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National Days

Some countries want khổng lồ mark notable events or dates, but don"t want khổng lồ create too many holidays. In this case, they may have sầu national days, which are official days to mark these events, but are not holidays. Examples of such countries are USA & Hungary.

Bank Holidays

This can mean two things depending on which country you are in. For countries that were once part of the British Empire, it generally means a public holiday. But beware, in some countries. a ngân hàng holiday can mean just that - a holiday just for banks. For instance in Scotland, the Bank Holiday on last Monday in August is not a public holiday as it in the rest of the UK, but it is a day when banks are closed. Read more about Bank Holidays

Gazetted Holidays

The meaning of the term “gazetted holiday” is basically a holiday that is said by the government lớn be mandatory. So, a gazetted holiday means that the holiday must be observed by schools, banks, & typically many employers observe sầu the holiday as well. The term "gazetted holiday" is typically only used in countries that were formerly colonized by the British – lượt thích India, Pakischảy, Singapore, & Australia.

Ponto lớn faculativo

Unique to Brazil, this type of holiday is optional. It is up khổng lồ an employer whether they allow employees to take this day. In practice, the holidays are widely observed by the public sector and large companies.

Restricted Holidays

These are holidays from which individuals may choose a limited number, though government offices and businesses don"t close. In India, this system allows flexibility to accommodating India"s religious and cultural pluralism.

Bridge Holidays

If a holiday falls on a Thursday or Friday or is cchiến bại to another holiday, then a bridge holiday may be declared. This will then create a "bridge" to the weekend or the next holiday. In some countries, this bridge holiday is compensated by making a Saturday from a different weekkết thúc a working day.

In Mauritius, when a holiday falls on a Tuesday or Thursday, many will take the day in between it & the weekover off, which is called "faire le pont" (making a bridge).

In Sweden, it is known as "squeeze day", whereas in Chile, they hotline it "taking the sandwich". In France, many businesses allow their employees lớn take Friday as a "bridge" day.

Federal Holidays

In the United States there are no national holidays. Instead, a federal holiday is an authorised holiday which has been recognised by the US government. Every year on a US federal holiday, non-essential federal government offices are closed, và every federal employee is paid for the holiday. Private-sector employees required to lớn work on a legal holiday may receive sầu holiday pay in addition lớn their ordinary wages.

Federal holidays are designated by the United States Congress in Title V of the United States Code (5 U.S.C. § 6103). Congress has authority lớn create holidays only for federal institutions & employees, và for the District of Columbia.

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Statutory Holidays

In some countries this term may be used to lớn indicate a mandatory holiday.In Canada, public holidays are called statutory holidays, sometimes referred to lớn as "stats".